The following questions are commonly asked by website visitors of Industrial Court of Malaysia. If you have any other questions, please call us at +60392365000 or email us at
Q1 : What is the remedy awarded in the case of dismissal?
A1 : Reinstatement to the former employment or compensation in lieu of reinstatement and backwages.
Q2 : Who can represent me in the Industrial Court?
A2 : Section 27(1) of the Industrial Relations Act. 1967, provides that in any proceedings before the Court a party may :
Q3 : Can there be an appeal against the decision of the Industrial Court?
A3 : No. An award of the Court is final and conclusive. However it can be challenged at the High Court for an error of law or lack or excess of jurisdiction by way of certiorari.
Q4 : Is there any costs to be paid if a matter is referred to the Industrial Court?
A4 : No costs need to be paid.
Q5 : How can a workman, who has been dismissed have his matter referred to the Industrial Court?
A5 : A workman who has been dismissed must make a representation in writing to the Director General of Industrial Relations to be reinstated to his former employment within 60 days of his dismissal. The Director General of Industrial Relations will try to resolve the matter through conciliation between the parties. If conciliation fails , the Director General of Industrial Relations will refer the matter to the Minister, who may, if he thinks fit, refer the matter to the Industrial Court for a decision
Q6 : What types of cases are heard by the Industrial Court?
A6: The types of cases which are heard by the Industrial Court are as follows :
Q7 : Who conducts the hearing at the Industrial Court?
A7 : For dismissal cases, the case is heard by the President or Chairman sitting alone. For trade disputes, the case is heard by a panel comprising of the President / Chairman, an employer’s representive and an employee’s representative.